The adoption of a new electoral map in Québec takes place in four stages, set out in the Election Act. Members of the National Assembly, private individuals and organizations are invited to share their opinion by participating in the Commission’s work during public hearings.
The Commission prepares a preliminary report in which it makes an electoral division delimitation proposal. It then submits this report to the President or Secretary General of the National Assembly not later than one year after the second general election following the last delimitation.
The Commission must hold public hearings in various regions of Québec. Indeed, the Election Act stipulates that within six months of the tabling of its preliminary report, the Commission de la représentation électorale shall hear the representations made by Members of the National Assembly and interested individuals and organizations. This stage is crucial since the public consultation allows the Commission to find out their point of view and to obtain additional information. The preliminary report is then submitted to the Committee on the National Assembly for consideration.
Afterwards, the Commission de la représentation électorale examines all of the representations made and attempts to take them into account while respecting the criteria set out in the Election Act. If the Commission deems it necessary, it can hold additional public hearings in one or more regions of Québec to hear the representations of Members of the National Assembly, interested individuals and organizations on one or more proposals to amend the preliminary report.
After having heard and examined the representations of Members of the National Assembly, interested individuals and organizations, the Commission must table a new report in the National Assembly indicating the boundaries of the electoral divisions. Within five days following its tabling, the report shall be the subject of a debate limited to five hours, which must be held in the National Assembly.
Not later than the tenth day following the debate in the National Assembly, the Commission shall establish the boundaries of the electoral divisions and assign names to them. The list of the electoral divisions is published in the Gazette officielle du Québec.
The new electoral map comes into force when the legislature of the National Assembly ends. However, if it occurs before the expiry of three months from publication of the new electoral map in the Gazette officielle du Québec, the general election shall be held according to the previous delimitation, namely that of 2011 in this case.
|April 2014 to February 2015||Preparing a delimitation proposal|
|March 17, 2015||Filing of a preliminary report|
|From April 27 to June 23, 2015||Public hearings|
|September 12, 13 and 15, 2016||Consultation with the National Assembly Commission|
|February 7, 2017||Filing of the second report indicating the limits of the electoral divisions|
|February 14 and 15, 2017||Debate of up to five hours at the Assemblée nationale du Québec|
|February 23, 2017||Final establishment of the electoral divisions limits (Final decision)|
|March 2, 2017||Publication in the Gazette officielle du Québec|
|June 14, 2017||Tabling of the final report|
|August 23, 2018||The new electoral map came into force|